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Consultation on emission-based parking charges: residential permits

Residential permits charging model

The proposed charging model for residential permits will be based on three elements:

  1. Location.
    Location-based charging has been in operation since January 2020. Charges are based on the location of the controlled zone linked to public transport services, and how long each day the zone is enforced for.
     
  2. Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.
    Our proposals will build on the charging model to also consider CO2 emissions which contribute towards climate change. The cost of your residential permit may reduce or increase compared with your current charge, depending on your vehicle's emissions. This is based on Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) 'car tax' bands
     
  3. ULEZ-based surcharge.
    Our proposals include a surcharge for some vehicles based on their nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) emissions. These emissions contribute to local air pollution which can damage health. This is based on the Transport for London Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) model. This will replace the existing diesel levy that has been in operation since 2017.

These charges are explained in more detail below.

Location and CO2 emissions based charging

This part of the charge depends on the location of the controlled parking zone and the Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) 'car tax' band of the vehicle.

The VED bandings range from A to M, with category 'A' being for the least polluting vehicles and M the most polluting. This banding was introduced by the government to move vehicle owners away from higher CO2 polluting vehicles and is familiar to motorists.

Emission-based charging may result in some permits actually being reduced in price to reflect the emissions of the vehicle, but for owners of higher polluting vehicles a higher charge may be applicable.

To find the proposed price for your basic residential permit:

  1. Find out which controlled parking zone you live in if you don't already know.
  2. From your log book or other documentation, check what your vehicle's CO2 emissions are.
  3. Check the List of Proposed Resident Permit Charges by CPZ.
    Alternatively, find your parking zone's 'tier' and 'enforcement length' in the first table below, then look up the proposed charge in the second table.

Parking zone tiers and enforcement lengths

Controlled parking zone Tier Length of enforcement
W3,W4Tier 1 Long
2F, 3E, 3F, 4F, 5F, VC, VOn, VOs, VOt, W2, W5, W6, W7, P3Tier 1 Medium 
P1, P2 ,P2sTier 1 Short 
CW5, MP4Tier 2Long
CW, CW1, CW2, CW4, M1, M2, M3, MP1, MP2, MP3, S1, S2, S3, SW, SW1, A1, RP, RPE, RPN, RPS, H1, H2, VN, VSW, VSW2, W1, VNe, VNsTier 2Medium 
RPW, RPC, RPC1, VSW1, VQ, CH.Tier 2Short 
MTC, WB1Tier 3Long
CW3, GC, GC1, GC2, GC3, WB2, MTC1, MTC2Tier 3Medium 
MTTier 3Short 

Proposed resident permit charges

The charges below are for the first resident permit at an address. There is no change to the cost of additional permits.

Parking zone and enforcement lengthFully electric (band A)1‑50 g/km (band B)51‑75 (C)76‑90 (D)91‑100 (E)101‑110 (F)111‑130 (G)131‑150 (H)151‑170 (I)171‑190 (J)191‑225 (K)226‑255 (L)Over 255 (M)

Tier 1 Long

£20£100£110£120£130£140£150£170£210£300£370£450£540

Tier 1 Medium

£20£70£80£90£100£110£120£140£180£270£340£420£510

Tier 1 Short

£20£60£70£80£90£100£110£130£170£260£330£410£500

Tier 2 Long

£20£80£90£100£110£120£130£150£190£280£350£430£520

Tier 2 Medium

£20£60£70£80£90£100£110£130£170£260£330£410£500

Tier 2 Short

£20£50£60£70£80£90£100£120£160£250£320£400£490

Tier 3 Long

£20£40£50£60£70£80£90£110£150£240£310£390£480

Tier 3 Medium

£20£30£40£50£60£70£80£100£140£230£300£380£470

Tier 3 Short

£20£25£30£40£50£60£70£90£130£220£290£370£460

ULEZ based surcharge

As part of Merton's commitment to addressing local pollution caused by NOx and particulates emissions, we are proposing a 'surcharge' will also be applied based on the TfL Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) model.

It is proposed the ULEZ based model will replace the existing Diesel Levy surcharge of £150 which is applicable to any diesel vehicle.

The proposed ULEZ based charge will only be applicable to the vehicles emitting the highest NOx and particulates emissions. This means EURO 6 diesel cars will not be liable, but older petrol cars with a Euro 1, 2 or 3 rating may be.

Because we are using the same criteria as Transport for London for our ULEZ based model, you can use TfL's ULEZ vehicle checker to see if your car will be liable for the surcharge.

ULEZ based surcharge tiers

Petrol or diesel
Pre 2006 (Euro 1/2/3)

Petrol
Between 2006 and August 2015 (Euro 4/5)

Diesel
Between 2006 and August 2015 (Euro 4/5)

Petrol or diesel
Post September 2015 (Euro 6)

£150No surcharge£150No surcharge

Examples

Below are 3 examples of cars and how the proposal will affect cost.

Zone and enforcement length Car Fuel Year CO2 (g/km) Band Charge ULEZ surcharge Total
Tier 1 LongFiat Doblo 1.9LDiesel2005153I£210£150£360
Tier 2 MediumAudi A1 1LPetrol201797E£90£0£90
Tier 3 MediumFord Fiesta 1LPetrol2019113G£80£0£80

Example 1 (Fiat Doblo 1.9 diesel 2005)

  1. The property is in Tier 1 because its closer to good public transport links and the zone is enforced for over 10 hours in a day the existing premium is also applicable.
  2. In this example the car is a diesel manufactured before 2006 with only a Euro rating of 3 or 4, therefore liable to the £150 ULEZ based charge due to the NOx and PM Emissions it emits. 
  3. The vehicle also emits 153 (g/km) CO2 Emissions and is in band I of the Governments tax bands and liable for a £210 Permit change. 
  4. Total Charge £360. In this example there is an increase of 60 in the total Permit price including the diesel surcharge.

Example 2 (Audi A1 1L 2017)

  1. The property is in Tier 2 because public transport links are not as good as Tier 1 but better that Tier 3 areas. The zone is only enforced for part of the day, resulting in the base change being lower that other areas.
  2. The vehicle also emits only 97 (g/km) CO2 Emissions and is in band E of the Governments tax bands and liable for a £90 Permit change. 
  3. In this example the car is manufactured in 2017 with a Euro rating of 6, therefore not liable to the £150 ULEZ based charge.
  4. Total Charge £90. This is £20 cheaper than the current Permit price

Example 3 (Ford Fiesta 1L 2019)

  1. The property is in Tier 3 because it is no so well serves by public transport links and the zone is only enforced for part of the day, resulting in the base charge being lower that other areas.
  2. In this example the car is a petrol manufactured before in 2019 with a Euro rating of 6. Therefore not liable to the £150 ULEZ based charge associated with NOx and PM Emissions. 
  3. The vehicle only emits 113 (g/km) CO2 Emissions and is in Band G of the Governments tax bands and liable for a £80 Permit change. 
  4. Total charge £80. In this example here is no change in the Permit price.

Visitor permits

To find out which 'tier' your parking zone is in, check the first table on this page.

Visitor e-permits

Zone and type of permit0 g/km (band A)1‑50 g/km (band B)51‑75 (C)76‑90 (D)91‑100 (E)101‑110 (F)111‑130 (G)131‑150 (H)151‑170 (I)171‑190 (J)191‑225 (K)226‑255 (L)Over 255 (M)
Tier 1 Full day£0£4.25£4.50£4.75£5.00£5.25£5.50£5.75£6.00£6.25£6.50£6.75£7.00
Tier 1 Half day£0£2.75£3.00£3.25£3.50£3.75£4.00£4.25£4.50£4.75£5.00£5.25£5.50
Tier 2 Full day£0£3.25£3.50£3.75£4.00£4.25£4.50£4.75£5.00£5.25£5.50£5.75£6.00
Tier 2 Half day£0£3.25£3.50£3.75£4.00£4.25£4.50£4.75£5.00£5.25£5.50£5.75£6.00
Tier 3 Full day£0£2.25£2.50£2.75£3.00£3.25£3.50£3.75£4.00£4.25£4.50£4.75£5.00
Tier 3 Half day£0£1.25£1.50£1.75£2.00£2.25£2.50£2.75£3.00£3.25£3.50£3.75£4.00

Visitor scratchcard permits

Zone and type of permitCharge
Tier 1 Full day£8.50
Tier 1 Half day£7.00
Tier 2 Full day£7.50
Tier 2 Half day£7.50
Tier 3 Full day£6.50
Tier 3 Half day£5.50

ULEZ based surcharge for visitor scratchcards and e-permits

Petrol or diesel
Pre 2006 (Euro 1/2/3)

Petrol
Between 2006 and August 2015 (Euro 4/5)

Diesel
Between 2006 and August 2015 (Euro 4/5)

Petrol or diesel
Post September 2015 (Euro 6)

£1.50No surcharge£1.50No surcharge

Annual visitor permits

Zone and enforcement length

Base Jan 2020 charge

Maximum resident permit charge

Proposed charge + ULEZ based surcharge £150

Tier 1 Long £400£540£690
Tier 1 Medium  £370£510£660
Tier 1Short  £360£500£650
Tier 2 Long  £380£520£670
Tier 2 Medium  £360£500£650
Tier 2 Short  £320£490£640
Tier 3 Long  £340£480£630
Tier 3 Medium  £330£470£620
Tier 3 Short  £320£460£610

 

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